Extra English this week starts off with a series of audio lessons aimed at verb combinations!
Verb combinations are when you have a verb followed by another verb in a sentence.
The confusion is that most people don’t know how to adapt the verbs together, and the result is a Frankenstein sentence.
Let’s look at an example:
The verb ‘to enjoy’.
‘I enjoy pizza.’
A simple example, but it is a vague sentence. We can create a concrete sentence:
‘I enjoy eating pizza, or ‘I enjoy making pizza.’
But some people say ‘I enjoy eat pizza’ and others say ‘ I enjoy to eat pizza’.
Which verb combination is correct?
I enjoy eating pizza.
I enjoy eat pizza.
I enjoy to eat pizza.
Luckily, to correct this problem, all you need to do is remember – any verb that you use after ‘enjoy’ has to be ‘gerund’.
I enjoy eating pizza.
I enjoy swimming in the ocean.
I enjoy sleeping late.
I enjoy reading real books.
Now, to make things easier, there are other verbs like ‘to enjoy’, that use a ‘gerund’ after them. An example is the verb ‘to suggest’.
I suggest visiting the museum.
I suggest doing your homework.
No and never say
I suggest to you visit the museum.
I suggest do your homework.
Ok, now, take your notebooks or a sheet of paper and write down the following verbs. All of these verbs are followed by a gerund.
look forward to
and of course,
Use a dictionary or the internet to see what they mean.
Remember, being lazy helps nobody. No pain, no gain.
In this audio, we will see some of the verbs in Audio 1 being used in sentences. Pay attention to the verb combination.
- I look forward to spending time with my friends.
- I gave up drinking soda three months ago.
- He appreciates receiving financial advice.
- She admitted going to a Backstreet Boys concert.
- My family detests watching soccer games.
- I miss having lunch at my grandmother’s house.
- Nobody remembers closing the windows.
- Please, carry on working!
- The sky is dark. It means walking with an umbrella.
- You need to contemplate winning the lottery.
- Many people resent working overtime.
- Loosing weight involves eating correctly.
- Avoid looking at the dog, or it will want attention.
- If you come to work drunk every day, you jeopardise losing your job.
- I can’t stand catching the bus to work.
Let’s practice? I’ll start a sentence for you and you complete it using your own ideas. Be sure to pause the audio between sentences.
- I’m really looking forward to …
- Why don’t you consider …
- Do you miss …?
- When I was a kid, I remember …
- You’re looking for a restaurant? Oh, I recommend …
- Don’t drink and drive. You risk …
- I resent …
- I don’t like my job. I detest …
- Please, when you speak to the client, avoid …
- Please make an effort. Try to give up …
Try recording your answers and send them to me.
Till next week!